The handler.defineProperty() method is a trap for Object.defineProperty().


var p = new Proxy(target, {
  defineProperty: function(target, property, descriptor) {


The following parameters are passed to the defineProperty method. this is bound to the handler.

The target object.
The name of the property whose description is to be retrieved.
The descriptor for the property being defined or modified.

Return value

The defineProperty method must return a Boolean indicating whether or not the property has been successfully defined.


The handler.defineProperty() method is a trap for Object.defineProperty().


This trap can intercept these operations:


If the following invariants are violated, the proxy will throw a TypeError:

  • A property cannot be added, if the target object is not extensible.
  • A property cannot be added as or modified to be non-configurable, if it does not exists as a non-configurable own property of the target object.
  • A property may not be non-configurable, if a corresponding configurable property of the target object exists.
  • If a property has a corresponding target object property then Object.defineProperty(target, prop, descriptor) will not throw an exception.
  • In strict mode, a false return value from the defineProperty handler will throw a TypeError exception.


The following code traps Object.defineProperty().

var p = new Proxy({}, {
  defineProperty: function(target, prop, descriptor) {
    console.log("called: " + prop);
    return true;

var desc = { configurable: true, enumerable: true, value: 10 };
Object.defineProperty(p, "a", desc); // "called: a"

When calling Object.defineProperty() or Reflect.defineProperty(), the descriptor passed to defineProperty trap has one restriction - only following properties are usable, nonstandard properties will be ignored:

  • enumerable
  • configurable
  • writable
  • value
  • get
  • set
var p = new Proxy({}, {
  defineProperty(target, prop, descriptor) {
    return Reflect.defineProperty(target, prop, descriptor);

Object.defineProperty(p, "name", {
  value: "proxy",
  type: "custom"
});  // { value: 'proxy' }


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[DefineOwnProperty]]' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[DefineOwnProperty]]' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support ? 18 (18) ? ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? 18.0 (18) ? ? ?

See also


© 2016 Mozilla Contributors
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.