The Data Store API was created to allow multiple Firefox OS apps, with potentially different data structures and storage mechanisms, to create, maintain and share the same data objects efficiently between one another. Each app can then import the data into its own local IndexedDB to index according to their specific query needs. This is not necessary however, and you can just write directly to the Data Store API data store.
The DataStore interface of the Data Store API represents a retrieved set of data, and includes standard properties for accessing the store's name, owner, etc., methods for reading, modifying and syncing data, and the onchange event handler for reacting to changes to the data.
The DataStoreChangeEvent interface of the Data Store API represents the event related to a record changed in the data store, i.e. this is returned once a change is made and the change event is fired (see DataStore.onchange for the handler).
The DataStoreCursor interface of the Data Store API represents a cursor that allows apps to iterate through a list of DataStoreTask objects representing the change history of the data store, for use when synchronizing the data.