The Document.location read-only property returns a Location object, which contains information about the URL of the document and provides methods for changing that URL and loading another URL.

Though Document.location is a read-only Location object, you can also assign a DOMString to it. This means that you can work with document.location as if it were a string in most cases: document.location = '' is a synonym of document.location.href = ''.

To retrieve just the URL as a string, the read-only document.URL property can also be used.

If the current document is not in a browsing context, the returned value is null.


locationObj = document.location
document.location = '' // Equivalent to document.location.href = ''


// Prints a string like
// "" to the console


Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document.location' in that specification.
Living Standard No change from HTML5.
The definition of 'Document.location' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also



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API Document HTML DOM Property Read-only Reference Référence