The XMLHttpRequest.send() method sends the request. If the request is asynchronous (which is the default), this method returns as soon as the request is sent. If the request is synchronous, this method doesn't return until the response has arrived. send() accepts an optional argument for the request body. If the request method is GET or HEAD, the argument is ignored and request body is set to null.

Note: Be aware to stop using a plain ArrayBuffer as parameter. This is not part of the XMLHttpRequest specification any longer. Use an ArrayBufferView instead (see compatibility table for version information).


void send();
<s>void send(ArrayBuffer <var>data</var>);</s>
void send(ArrayBufferView <var>data</var>);
void send(Blob <var>data</var>);
void send(Document <var>data</var>);
void send(DOMString? <var>data</var>);
void send(FormData <var>data</var>);

If the data is a Document, it is serialized before being sent. When sending a Document, versions of Firefox prior to version 3 always sends the request using UTF-8 encoding; Firefox 3 properly sends the document using the encoding specified by body.xmlEncoding, or UTF-8 if no encoding is specified.

If it's an nsIInputStream, it must be compatible with nsIUploadChannel's setUploadStream()method. In that case, a Content-Length header is added to the request, with its value obtained using nsIInputStream's available()method. Any headers included at the top of the stream are treated as part of the message body. The stream's MIMEtype should be specified by setting the Content-Type header using the setRequestHeader() method prior to calling send().

The best way to send binary content (like in files upload) is using an ArrayBufferView or Blobs in conjuncton with the send() method. However, if you want to send a stringifiable raw data, use the sendAsBinary() method instead, or the StringView Non native typed arrays superclass.


var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', '/server', true);

xhr.onload = function () {
  // Request finished. Do processing here.

// xhr.send('string');
</code>// <code>xhr.send(new Blob());
// xhr.send(new Int8Array());
// xhr.send({ form: 'data' });
// xhr.send(document);


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'send()' in that specification.
Living Standard WHATWG living standard

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 5[2]
(Yes) 1.2
send(ArrayBuffer) 9 9.0 (9.0)[1] 10 11.60 ?
send(ArrayBufferView) 22 20.0 (20.0) ? ? ?
send(Blob) 7 3.6 (1.9.2) 10 12 ?
send(FormData) 6 4.0 (2.0) 10 12 ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? 1.0 (Yes) ? ? ?
send(ArrayBuffer) ? ? ? ? ?
send(ArrayBufferView) ? ? ? ? ?
send(Blob) ? ? ? ? ?
send(FormData) ? ? ? ? ?

[1] Sending a plain ArrayBuffer is not part of the XMLHttpRequest specification any longer and should be treated as deprecated. Use  ArrayBufferView instead, which was added to Gecko version 20.0 (Firefox 20.0 / Thunderbird 20.0 / SeaMonkey 2.17).

[2] This feature was implemented via ActiveXObject(). Since version 7 Internet Explorer implements the standard XMLHttpRequest.


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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.

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