The DataTransfer.effectAllowed property specifies the effect that is allowed for a drag operation. The copy operation is used to indicate that the data being dragged will be copied from its present location to the drop location. The move operation is used to indicate that the data being dragged will be moved, and the link operation is used to indicate that some form of relationship or connection will be created between the source and drop locations.

This property should be set in the dragstart event to set the desired drag effect for the drag source. Within the dragenter and dragover event handlers, this property will be set to whatever value was assigned during the dragstart event, thus effectAllowed may be used to determine which effect is permitted.

Assigning a value to effectAllowed in events other than dragstart has no effect.




A DOMString representing the drag operation that is allowed. The possible values are:

The item may not be dropped.
A copy of the source item may be made at the new location.
A copy or link operation is permitted.
A copy or move operation is permitted.
A link may be established to the source at the new location.
A link or move operation is permitted.
An item may be moved to a new location.
All operations are permitted.
The default value when the effect has not been set, equivalent to all.

Assigning any other value to effectAllowed has no effect and the old value is retained.

Internet Explorer will change the value to be lowercased; thus, linkMove will become linkmove, and so on.


This example shows the use of the effectAllowed and dropEffect properties.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang=en>
<title>Examples of DataTransfer.{dropEffect,effectAllowed} properties</title>
<meta content="width=device-width">
  div {
    margin: 0em;
    padding: 2em;
  #source {
    color: blue;
    border: 1px solid black;
  #target {
    border: 1px solid black;
function dragstart_handler(ev) {
 console.log("dragStart: dropEffect = " + ev.dataTransfer.dropEffect + " ; effectAllowed = " + ev.dataTransfer.effectAllowed);
 // Add this element's id to the drag payload so the drop handler will
 // know which element to add to its tree
 ev.dataTransfer.effectAllowed = "move";

function drop_handler(ev) {
 console.log("drop: dropEffect = " + ev.dataTransfer.dropEffect + " ; effectAllowed = " + ev.dataTransfer.effectAllowed);
 // Get the id of the target and add the moved element to the target's DOM
 var data = ev.dataTransfer.getData("text");;

function dragover_handler(ev) {
 console.log("dragOver: dropEffect = " + ev.dataTransfer.dropEffect + " ; effectAllowed = " + ev.dataTransfer.effectAllowed);
 // Set the dropEffect to move
 ev.dataTransfer.dropEffect = "move"
<h1>Examples <code>DataTransfer</code>.{<code>dropEffect</code>, <code>effectAllowed</code>} properties</h1>
   <p id="source" ondragstart="dragstart_handler(event);" draggable="true">
     Select this element, drag it to the Drop Zone and then release the selection to move the element.</p>
 <div id="target" ondrop="drop_handler(event);" ondragover="dragover_handler(event);">Drop Zone</div>


Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'effectAllowed' in that specification.
Living Standard  
The definition of 'effectAllowed' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 4 3.5 10 12 3.1
Feature Android Android Webview Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support No support No support No support No support 10 No support No support

See also


© 2016 Mozilla Contributors
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.

API drag and drop HTML DOM Property Reference