# isNaN()

The

function determines whether a value is **isNaN()**`NaN`

or not. Note: coercion inside the `isNaN`

function has interesting rules; you may alternatively want to use `Number.isNaN()`

, as defined in ECMAScript 6, or you can use `typeof`

to determine if the value is Not-A-Number.

## Syntax

isNaN(testValue)

### Parameters

`testValue`

- The value to be tested.

### Return value

** true** if the given value is

`NaN`

; otherwise, **.**

`false`

## Description

### The necessity of an `isNaN`

function

Unlike all other possible values in JavaScript, it is not possible to rely on the equality operators (== and ===) to determine whether a value *is* `NaN`

or not, because both `NaN == NaN`

and `NaN === NaN`

evaluate to `false`

. Hence, the necessity of an `isNaN`

function.

### Origin of `NaN`

values

`NaN`

values are generated when arithmetic operations result in *undefined* or *unrepresentable* values. Such values do not necessarily represent overflow conditions. A `NaN`

also results from attempted coercion to numeric values of non-numeric values for which no primitive numeric value is available.

For example, dividing zero by zero results in a `NaN`

— but dividing other numbers by zero does not.

### Confusing special-case behavior

Since the very earliest versions of the `isNaN`

function specification, its behavior for non-numeric arguments has been confusing. When the argument to the `isNaN`

function is not of type Number, the value is first coerced to a Number. The resulting value is then tested to determine whether it is `NaN`

. Thus for non-numbers that when coerced to numeric type result in a valid non-NaN numeric value (notably the empty string and boolean primitives, which when coerced give numeric values zero or one), the "false" returned value may be unexpected; the empty string, for example, is surely "not a number." The confusion stems from the fact that the term, "not a number", has a specific meaning for numbers represented as IEEE-754 floating-point values. The function should be interpreted as answering the question, "is this value, when coerced to a numeric value, an IEEE-754 'Not A Number' value?"

The latest version of ECMAScript (ES2015) contains the `Number.isNaN()`

function. `Number.isNaN(x)`

will be a reliable way to test whether `x`

is `NaN`

or not. Even with `Number.isNaN`

, however, the meaning of `NaN`

remains the precise numeric meaning, and not simply, "not a number". Alternatively, in absense of `Number.isNaN`

, the expression `(x != x)`

is a more reliable way to test whether variable `x`

is `NaN`

or not, as the result is not subject to the false positives that make `isNaN`

unreliable.

You could think of isNaN as:

isNaN = function(value) { Number.isNaN(Number(value)); }

## Examples

isNaN(NaN); // true isNaN(undefined); // true isNaN({}); // true isNaN(true); // false isNaN(null); // false isNaN(37); // false // strings isNaN("37"); // false: "37" is converted to the number 37 which is not NaN isNaN("37.37"); // false: "37.37" is converted to the number 37.37 which is not NaN isNaN("123ABC"); // true: parseInt("123ABC") is 123 but Number("123ABC") is NaN isNaN(""); // false: the empty string is converted to 0 which is not NaN isNaN(" "); // false: a string with spaces is converted to 0 which is not NaN // dates isNaN(new Date()); // false isNaN(new Date().toString()); // true // This is a false positive and the reason why isNaN is not entirely reliable isNaN("blabla") // true: "blabla" is converted to a number. // Parsing this as a number fails and returns NaN

### Useful special-case behavior

There is a more usage oriented way to think of `isNaN()`

: If `isNaN(x)`

returns `false`

, you can use `x`

in an arithmetic expression not making the expression return `NaN`

. If it returns `true`

, `x`

will make every arithmetic expression return `NaN`

. This means that in JavaScript, `isNaN(x) == true`

is equivalent to `x - 0`

returning `NaN`

(though in JavaScript `x - 0 == NaN`

always returns false, so you can't test for it). Actually, `isNaN(x)`

, `isNaN(x - 0)`

, `isNaN(Number(x))`

, `Number.isNaN(x - 0)`

, and `Number.isNaN(Number(x))`

always return the same and in JavaScript `isNaN(x)`

is just the shortest possible form to express each of these terms.

You can use this, for example, to test whether an argument to a function is arithmetically processable (usable "like" a number), or if it's not and you have to provide a default value or something else. This way you can have a function that makes use of the full versatility JavaScript provides by implicitly converting values depending on context.

## Examples

function increment(x) { if (isNaN(x)) x = 0; return x + 1; }; // The same effect with Number.isNaN(): function increment(x) { if (Number.isNaN(Number(x))) x = 0; return x + 1; }; // In the following cases for the function's argument x, // isNaN(x) is always false, although x is indeed not a // number, but can be used as such in arithmetical // expressions increment(""); // 1: "" is converted to 0 increment(new String()); // 1: String object representing an empty string is converted to 0 increment([]); // 1: [] is converted to 0 increment(new Array()); // 1: Array object representing an empty array is converted to 0 increment("0"); // 1: "0" is converted to 0 increment("1"); // 2: "1" is converted to 1 increment("0.1"); // 1.1: "0.1" is converted to 0.1 increment("Infinity"); // Infinity: "Infinity" is converted to Infinity increment(null); // 1: null is converted to 0 increment(false); // 1: false is converted to 0 increment(true); // 2: true is converted to 1 increment(new Date()); // returns current date/time in milliseconds plus 1 // In the following cases for the function's argument x, // isNaN(x) is always false and x is indeed a number increment(-1); // 0 increment(-0.1); // 0.9 increment(0); // 1 increment(1); // 2 increment(2); // 3 // ... and so on ... increment(Infinity); // Infinity // In the following cases for the function's argument x, // isNaN(x) is always true and x is really not a number, // thus the function replaces it by 0 and returns 1 increment(String); // 1 increment(Array); // 1 increment("blabla"); // 1 increment("-blabla"); // 1 increment(0/0); // 1 increment("0/0"); // 1 increment(Infinity/Infinity); // 1 increment(NaN); // 1 increment(undefined); // 1 increment(); // 1 // isNaN(x) is always the same as isNaN(Number(x)), // but the presence of x is mandatory here! isNaN(x) == isNaN(Number(x)) // true for every value of x, including x == undefined, // because isNaN(undefined) == true and Number(undefined) returns NaN, // but ... isNaN() == isNaN(Number()) // false, because isNaN() == true and Number() == 0

## Specifications

Specification | Status | Comment |
---|---|---|

ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) | Standard | Initial definition. |

ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262) The definition of 'isNaN' in that specification. |
Standard | |

ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262) The definition of 'isNaN' in that specification. |
Standard | |

ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262) The definition of 'isNaN' in that specification. |
Draft |

## Browser compatibility

Feature | Chrome | Firefox (Gecko) | Internet Explorer | Opera | Safari |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Basic support | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) |

Feature | Android | Chrome for Android | Firefox Mobile (Gecko) | IE Mobile | Opera Mobile | Safari Mobile |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Basic support | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) | (Yes) |

## See also

## License

© 2016 Mozilla Contributors

Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-us/docs/web/javascript/reference/global_objects/isnan